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Grob G103 Twin Astir-Wikipedia

Grob G103 Twin Astir

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German glider, 1976
G 103 Twin Astir

Grob G103 Twin Astir, Private JP7712425.jpg

G103 Twin Astir landing
Role Sailplane
National origin Germany
Manufacturer

Grob Aircraft

First flight 31 December 1976
Number built 291

The Grob G 103 Twin Astir is a

glass-reinforced plastic

two-seat

sailplane

that was developed in Germany in the 1970s by

Grob Aircraft AG

as a counterpart to the single-seat

G 102 Astir

then in production. Construction throughout is similar, although to preserve the

centre of gravity

of the design, the wings were given a slight forward sweep. While many two-seat derivatives of single-seat sailplanes have fixed undercarriage, due to the added space restrictions created by the second seat, Grob devised a novel retraction system for the Twin Astir. The single wheel was designed to rotate 90° sideways before retracting “flat” under the rear seat, resulting in a rather unusual seating position. This was only incorporated in early examples, later on, the wheel was fixed. Factory options offered to customers included whether the front seat should be equipped with flight instruments, and whether water ballast capacity should be installed.

Production continued until around 1980, when it was replaced in production by the

Twin II

, a new and not directly related design originally designated G 118 but later redesignated the G 103a. The G 103a was in turn replaced by the

Twin III

in production in 1989.

The Twin was one of the first two-seat sailplanes built from

fibreglass

and has higher glide performance than most similar sailplanes of the time (e.g.

Schleicher ASK 21

,

Scheibe SF 34

and

SZD-50 Puchacz

).

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Operators[

edit

]

Australian Air Force Cadets using the Twin Astir for gliding training. 2010

 

Italy

  • Italian Air Force

    operated 9 Grob G103 Twin Astir from 1975 until 1999

    [1]

 

Australia

  • Australian Air Force Cadets

    currently operates 2 Twin Astirs as of 2020

    [2]

Specifications[

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]

General characteristics

  • Crew: one
  • Capacity: one passenger
  • Length: 8.1 m (26 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 17.5 m (57 ft 5 in)
  • Height: 1.60 m (5 ft 3 in)
  • Wing area: 17.8 m2 (191.6 sq ft)
  • Aspect ratio: 17.1
  • Empty weight: 390 kg (860 lb)
  • Gross weight: 610 kg (1,345 lb)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 250 km/h (160 mph, 140 kn)
  • Maximum glide ratio: 38
  • Rate of sink: 0.60 m/s (120 ft/min)

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See also[

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]

  • Grob G103 family

  • Grob G103a Twin II

  • Grob G103c Twin III

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References[

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]

  1. ^

    aeroflight

  2. ^

    “AAFC”

    . Australian Air Force Cadets – Gliding. 1 January 2018. Retrieved 20 April 2020.

  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane’s Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 441.
  • Hardy, Michael (1982). Gliders and Sailplanes of the World. Shepperton: Ian Allan. p. 49.
  • Coates, Andrew (1978). Jane’s World Sailplanes and Motor Gliders. London: MacDonald and Jane’s. p. 61.

External links[

edit

]

  • Homepage of Grob Aircraft AG

Retrieved from “

https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Grob_G103_Twin_Astir&oldid=1018213100

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